R Programming

Core Programming Principles in R

Hello everyone, let us dive into the basics of R programming:

Before getting started with R, download the necessary files like R Studio and R. But don't worry because I already wrote a blog on how to install R on macOS and Windows. The link for the blog is as follows:

https://dev.to/ruthvikraja_mv/installing-r-studio-on-mac-59hc

The following topics are covered in this article:

  1. Types of variables.
  2. Logical variables and operators.
  3. Conditional and loop statements.

The R code for the above concepts are as follows:

######################## SECTION 1 ###########################
# To execute code use -> command + return[Shortcut] in MAC
# integer
# In R Programming for assigning value to a variable the following symbol is used:
# <- [Which denotes an arrow] but “=” also works for assigning value to a variable.
## Types of Variables
x<-2L # By default x would be double if we store 2 in it so, L is used to denote an integer type
typeof(x) # Used to check the type of an object
# double
y<-2.5
typeof(y)
# complex
z<-3+2i
typeof(z)
# character
a<-”h”
typeof(a)
# logical
q<-TRUE #(OR) q<-T
typeof(q)

## Using Variables
A<-10
B<-5
C<-A+B
C # To print object C
# variable 1 → Comments
var1<-2.5
var2<-4
result<-var1/var2
result
sqrt(var2) # Inbuilt functiongreeting <-”Hello”
typeof(greeting)
# OR #
class(greeting)
name<-”Bob”
message<-paste(greeting, name)
message
“Hello” + “Bob” # This throws an error whereas in Python it works -> print(“Hello”+”Bob”)

# Execute:
# Logical Operators:
4<5
100>10
4==5
4!=5
5<=5
5>=5
# NOT Operator -> !
# OR Operator -> |
# AND Operator -> &
# isTRUE()
# To find the remainder the following command is used in R:
5%%4 # Not 5%4 as we do in Python
result <- !TRUE
result
isTRUE(result)# while loop
while(TRUE){print(“Hello”)} # In python identation is used whereas in R curly brackets are used
# for loop
for(i in 1:5){
print(“Hello R”)
}
# Here i is an iterator and prints “Hello R” for 5 times
# Here 1:5 represents a vector of numbers
# Execute the following codes:
1:5
for(i in 5:10){
print(i)
}
# if statement# Let us generate one random normalized number:
x<-rnorm(1) # Since, it is a normalized number the mean is 1 and standard deviation is 0
if(x>1){
answer<-”Greater than 1"
}else{
if(x>=-1){
answer<-”Between -1 and 1"
}
else{
answer<=”Less than -1"
}
}
# The above structure is a nested if structure
# Now let us implement else if:
if(x>1){
answer<-”Greater than 1"
}else if(x>=-1){ # In python we use elif() for else if()
answer<-”Between -1 and 1"
}else{
answer<=”Less than -1"
}
# To remove a variable the following command is used:
rm(answer)

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Happy coding…

Coding, Data Science and Business Management. Languages: Python, R. DEV Community: https://dev.to/ruthvikraja_mv, GitHub: https://github.com/ruthvikraja